You thought the elephant was the most resistant animals in the world? Maybe ant, which can lift the burden weighs 50 times more than his body, which corresponds to a man who raises two and a half tons of cargo? For example, the tiger is in relation to ants real weak, because it can carry “only” twice the weight of the burden of his body, or about 540 pounds. However, the winner is not one of these animals that we hear about every day, but we see an interesting show, the winners are still Tardigrada or water bears.
Although so unlike the bears as we know, these amazing animals can be found on the highest mountains, but also in the deep oceans, the hot springs and the Antarctic ice. I do not mind them even live in New York. You can find them in absolutely every place on the planet Earth. Water bears can adapt to any condition such as exceeding the unbelievable, but indestructible condition in which reduced his body, in the form of a circle, drawn all of its eight legs and kicked out all the liquid.
Their metabolism is stopped and the animals become at first glance the dead, but it is however impossible to kill. In this state they do not need neither food nor water, and the temperature of their miniature, the body can withstand varies a lot below zero, or up to 151 degrees Celsius. Their only weakness is in mechanics, you can mash them.
The capacity of their drying is not unknown to science, but contributes to their endurance. They absorb the energy and bacteria, and other organisms, and thereby enhance the genes in such a way that is not recorded in any of the other species in the world. Science is simply delighted with these beings. Other people’s genes, or genes that are taken, make up one sixth of the genome of this tiny bear, but more than 90% comes from the bacteria.
This is how the genes of bacteria that thrive in the body Tardigrada is particularly stunning and consists of three explanations. The first capability is already listed, and refers to it to expel fluid from the body, in fact, they are only capable of drying out, a process within which shares its DNA into small pieces. Second, they can come back to life through re-hydration, during which their cells become permeable and thus able to miss molecules from the environment, including DNA, thus repairing damage caused by the moment when they threw all the liquid from the body.
Tardigrada trigger several borrowed genes, which are in other organisms in charge of environment that works perfectly in situations of stress. So, most of these animals owe their durability, bacteria which are definitely amazing.
Although not very beautiful animals by today’s standards, it is worth admiring. Is it?